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American Revolution History by ColonialAmerica.com
American Revolution History by ColonialAmerica.com
  • American Revolution History by ColonialAmerica.comGeneral Washington's Account of the Late Action in the Jerseys
  • American Revolution History by ColonialAmerica.comGeneral Washington's Account of the Late Action in the Jerseys
  • American Revolution History by ColonialAmerica.comGeneral Washington's Account of the Late Action in the Jerseys
  • American Revolution History by ColonialAmerica.comGeneral Washington's Account of the Late Action in the Jerseys


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General Washington's Account of the Late Action in the Jerseys


In the present important crisis, it may not be unacceptable to lay before our Readers General Washington’s Account of the late Action in the Jerseys, between Gen. Clinton’s and the American Army.


From the Royal American Gazette, July 14, 1778.
Englishtown, July 1 1778.

I embrace this first moment of leisure to give Congress a more full and particular account of the movements of the army under my command, since it’s passing the Delaware, than the situation of our affairs would heretofore permit.

I had the honor to advise them, that on the appearance of the enemy’s intention to march through Jersey becoming serious, I had detached Gen. Maxwell’s brigade, in conjunction with the militia of that state, to intercept and impede their progress, by every obstruction in their power, so as to give time to the army under my command to come up with them, and take advantage of any favorable circumstances that might present themselves. The army having proceeded to Coryell’s Ferry, and crossed the Delaware at that place, I immediately detached Col. Morgan, with a select corps of 600 men, to reinforce Gen. Maxwell, and marched with the main body towards Princetown.

The slow advance of the enemy had greatly the air of design, and led me, with others, to suspect that Gen. Clinton, desirous of a general action, was endeavoring to draw us down into the lower country, in order, by rapid movement, to gain our right, and take possession of the strong grounds above us. This consideration, and to give the troops time to repose and refresh themselves from the fatigues they had experienced from rainy and excessive hot weather, determined me to halt at Hopewell Township, about five miles from Princetown, where we remained till the morning of the 25th. On the proceeding day I made a second detachment of 1500 chosen troops, under Brigadier Gen. Scott, to reinforce those already in the vicinity of the enemy, the more effectually to annoy and delay their march. The next day the army moved to Kingston; and, having received intelligence that the enemies were prosecuting their route towards Monmouth Court-House, I dispatched 1000 select men under Brigadier-Gen. Wayne, and sent the Marquise de la Fayette to take the command of the whole advanced corps including Maxwell’s brigade and Morgan’s light infantry, with orders to take the first fair opportunity of attacking the enemy’s rear. In the evening of the same day, the whole army marched from Kingston, where our baggage was left, with intention to preserve a proper distance for supporting the advance corps and arrived at Cranbury in the next morning. The intense heat of the weather, and a heavy storm unluckily coming on, made it impossible to resume our march that day without great inconvenience and injury to the troops. Our advance corps, being differently circumstanced, moved from the position it had held the night before, and took post in the evening on the Monmouth road, about five miles from the enemy’s rear, in expectation of attacking them next morning on their march. The main body having remained at Cranbury, the advance corps was found to be too remote, and to far upon the right to be supported, either in case of an attack upon of from the enemy, which induced me to sent orders to the Marquise to file off by his left towards Englishtown, which he accordingly executed early in the morning of 27th.

The enemy marching from Allentown had changed their disposition, and placed their best troops in the rear, consisting all of the grenadiers, light infantry, and Chauffeurs of the line. This alteration made it necessary to increase the number of our advance corps; in consequence of which I detached Major-General Lee, with two brigades, to join the Marquise at Englishtown, on whom of course the command of the whole devolved, amounting to about 5000 men. The main body marched the same day, and encamped within three miles of that place. Morgan’s corps was left hovering on the enemy’s right flank; and the Jersey militia, amounting at this time to about 7 or 800 men, under Gen. Dickenson, on their left.

Continued ...



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American Revolution History by ColonialAmerica.com
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