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American Revolution History by
American Revolution History by
Legend: Selected Site Area Merchant Site Historic Site Historic Marker Historic Shipwreck
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Selected Site

Concord Battle Monument

Concord, MA, 01742

on the 19th of April
was made
the first forcible resistance
to British aggression.
On the opposite bank
stood the American Militia.
Here stood the invading Army
and on this spot
the first of the enemy fell
in the War of that Revolution
which gave
to these United States.
In gratitude to God
in the love of Freedom
this monument
was erected
AD 1836

Click on heading to visit the website (excludes markers).

Nearby Historic Sites

Concord Museum

200 Lexington Road
Concord, MA, 01742

James Barrett Farm

448 Barrett's Mill Rd
Concord, MA, 01742

Minute Man National Historic Park

174 Liberty Street
Concord, MA, 01742

Old Manse

269 Monument Street
Concord, MA, 01742

Orchard House

399 Lexington Road
Concord, MA, 01742

Thoreau Farm

341 Virginia Road
Concord, MA, 01742

Click on any heading to visit the website.

Nearby Historical Markers

Captain David Brown House Site

Concord, MA, 01742

Here on this site lived the Brown family of Concord, who arrived from England in 1644. The exposed foundation on you left is from the first Brown family home. During the 1750s, their descendent David Brown constructed a new house. On your right, the approximate location of his cellar hole is marked with granite.

A successful farmer of a 67-acre homestead, David also was a speculator in frontier real estate and a town Selectman. Under his roof lived his wife Abigail, their ten children, and his Uncle Elias.

On the day of the battle, David was a 47-year-old Captain of one of Concord’s minute man companies. He led his men to the North Bridge through his own fields, while his family watched. Marching with him was his oldest son Purchase, his cousin John, and his nephew Jonas, who would be wounded in the battle. All that Brown defended lay about him; the Redcoats were trespassing on his home.

"The brave captain never crossed alone the "North Bridge" after dark . . . without singing at the top of his lusty voice some good old psalm tune, that would ring out in the night, and wake many a sleeper in the village. Perhaps to lay the ghosts of the British soldiers buried there, perhaps as a requiem to their souls . . ."
John Keyes

Captain Isaac Davis

Concord, MA, 01742

On the morning of April 19, 1775, approximately 400 colonials stood on the hill overlooking the North Bridge. As smoke rose from Concord center, the order to march was given. In the exchange of fire that followed, Captain Isaac Davis, who had exclaimed "I haven’t a man who is afraid to go," was killed together with Abner Hosmer, a private, also from Acton.

This memorial was erected by the Captain Isaac Davis Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution, April, 1975.

Casey’s Home

Concord, MA, 01742

In 1775 Casey was Samuel Whitney’s slave. When revolution came, he ran away to war, fought for the colonies, and returned to Concord a free man.

House and Farm of Colonel James Barrett

Concord, MA, 01742

House and Farm of
Colonel James Barrett.
Commanding Officer
of the Middlesex Militia

On the morning of April 19, 1775, the British march from Boston which resulted in the outbreak of the Revolutionary War ended here with a search for military stores. Gun carriages found by the light infantry were burned in front of the house. Other weapons and supplies were successfully concealed in the attic of the house, in furrows plowed near the farmyards and in spruce hollow behind the house.
Erected by the Old Concord Chapter
Daughters of the American Revolution
April 19, 1961

Jethro’s Tree

West Concord, MA, 01742

Near this spot stood the ancient oak known as Jethro’s Tree beneath which Major Simon Willard and his associates bought from the Indians the "6 myles of land square" ordered by the General Court for the Plantation of Concord September 12, 1635.

Major John Buttrick

Concord, MA, 01742

Major John Buttrick
from this, his farm, led
the Provincial Minute
Men and Militia down
to win the bridge held
by the British forces
April 19, 1775

George Edward Messer
by his will provided
this memorial
erected by the town

Major John Buttrick House

Concord, MA, 01742

Here was the home of the Colonial officer who led the advance to the North Bridge. With British soldiers firing directly at his men, Major John Buttrick gave the order, "Fire, fellow soldiers, for God’s sake, fire!" It was the first time that Colonists were ordered to fire on the King’s troops, an act of treason.

Although this house was built in 1715 (and later altered), the Buttrick family lived on this hillside since the founding of Concord in 1635. At the time of the battle in 1775, John was a 44 year old farmer who was well respected in Concord and active in town government. He and his wife Abigail had eight children.

After the battle, the bodies of the two Colonists killed at the bridge, Isaac Davis and Abner Hosmer, were laid out in the house.

The Milldam

West Concord, MA, 01742

This short stretch of street still known as the milldam was the site of an Indian fishing weir and was laid out along the dam built soon after the settlement of the town in 1635.

The Minuteman of Concord 1775

Concord, MA, 01742

By the Rude Bridge that
arched the flood,
their flag to April’s
breeze unfurled,
here once the embattled
farmers stood,
and fired the shot heard
round the world.

Back of Monument:

The Muster Field

Concord, MA, 01742

"Will you let them burn the town down?"
Lt. Joseph Hosmer of Concord

"I haven’t a man who’s afraid to go."
Captain Isaac Davis of Acton

"Do not fire on the King’s troops unless first fired upon."
Colonel James Barrett of Concord

In the field beyond, Colonists held the first council of war of the American Revolution. There, on the high ground above the North Bridge, stood 400 citizen-soldiers - the assembled ranks of the colonial militia from Concord and surrounding towns. They were determined to maintain their liberty by force of arms if necessary.

With smoke rising from the center of town and the bridge held by 96 British Regulars, they made the decision to march into the town to save it. Under strict orders not to fire first, the Colonists began their march in a "very military manner" towards the Regulars at the bridge below.

"We determined to march to the center of town for its defence or die in the attempt,"

The Road to Colonel Barrett’s

Concord, MA, 01742

In 1775 you would be standing at a fork on the Groton Road. The east fork, restored by the National Park Service, today leads up the hill to the Visitor Center. The west fork, now traced as a mown path, led to Colonel Barrett’s farm over a mile away.

120 British soldiers marched down the west fork, determined to seize cannon, muskets, and ammunition known to be hidden at Barrett’s farm. Another 96 were left behind to guard the Bridge. Barrett’s farm was the furthest point reached by any of the soldiers on that fateful British expedition from Boston.

General Gage, who ordered the march to Concord, believed that seizing stockpiles of weapons was not only a military necessity, but his prerogative as governor of the colony. The Colonists actively disagreed.

"Having received intelligence that a quantity of Ammunition, Provision, Artillery . . . and small arms, have been collected at Concord, for the Avowed Purpose of raising and supporting a rebellion . . . you will march . . . with the utmost expedition and secrecy to Concord, where you will seize and destroy all Military Stores whatever. But you will take care that the Soldiers do not plunder the inhabitants, or hurt private property."
General Thomas Gage’s orders to Lt. Colonel Francis Smith

Community Histories



The area which became the town of Concord was originally known as "Musketaquid", situated at the confluence of the Sudbury and Assabet rivers. Native Americans had cultivated corn crops there; the rivers were rich with fish and the land was lush and arable. However, the area was largely depopulated by the smallpox plague that swept across the Americas after the arrival of Europeans.

In 1635, a group of British settlers led by Rev. Peter Bulkley and Simon Willard negotiated a land purchase with the remnants of the local tribe; that six-square-mile purchase formed the basis of the new town, which was called "Concord" in appreciation of the peaceful acquisition.

The Battle of Lexington and Concord was the initial conflict in the American Revolutionary War. On April 19, 1775, a force of British Army regulars marched from Boston to Concord to capture a cache of arms that was reportedly stored in the town. Forewarned by Paul Revere and other messengers, the colonists mustered in opposition. Following an early-morning skirmish at Lexington, where the first shots of the battle were fired, the British expedition under the command of Lt. Col. Francis Smith advanced to Concord. There, colonists from Concord and surrounding towns (notably a highly-drilled company from Acton led by Isaac Davis) repulsed a British detachment at the Old North Bridge and forced the British troops to retreat. Subsequently, militia arriving from across the region harried the British troops on their return to Boston, culminating in the Siege of Boston and outbreak of the war.

The battle was initially publicized by the colonists as an example of British army forces brutality and aggression: one colonial broadside decried the "Bloody Butchery of the British Troops." A century later, however, the conflict was remembered proudly by Americans, taking on a patriotic, almost mythic status ("the shot heard 'round the world") in works like the "Concord Hymn" and "Paul Revere's Ride."

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article ",_Ma ", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0