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American Revolution History by ColonialAmerica.com
American Revolution History by ColonialAmerica.com
Legend: Selected Site Area Merchant Site Historic Site Historic Marker Historic Shipwreck
Marker data courtesy of hmdb.org   Some map icons courtesy of Map Icons Collection



1776 Mayflower : A Story of Courage, Community, and War
The Federalist Papers Bunker Hill: A City, a Siege, a Revolution
Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis Thomas Jefferson and the Opening of the American West John Adams
Benjamin Franklin : An American Life The Bloody & Brave History of Native American Warriors & the Women Who Supported Them
Click here for additional books


We the Kids : The Preamble to the Constitution of the United States The New Americans : Colonial Times: 1620-1689 (The American Story)
The Notorious Benedict Arnold: A True Story of Adventure, Heroism & Treachery A History of US: Vol 3, From Colonies to Country (A History of Us)
Let It Begin Here!: Lexington & Concord: First Battles of the American Revolution George Washington, Spymaster: How the Americans Outspied the British and Won the Revolutionary War
They Called Her Molly Pitcher Now &  Ben : The Modern Inventions of Benjamin Franklin


Pirates and Traders: Gold! Hidden Treasures Hidden Object
Dedaloop (Kindle Fire Edition) Word Treasure
Treasure Island, The Experience Robinson Crusoe
The Patriots Hero Tales from American History - AudioBook

Selected Site

Gen. Henry Knox Trail


Southborough, MA, 01772




Through this place passed
General Henry Knox
in the winter of
1775 - 1776
to deliver to
General George Washington
at Cambridge
the train of artillery
from Fort Ticonderoga used
to force the British Army
to evacuate Boston.

Erected by the Commonwealth
of Massachusetts 1927


Click on heading to visit the website (excludes markers).

Nearby Historic Sites

Marlborough Historical Society



377 Elm St
Marlborough, MA, 01752

Click on any heading to visit the website.

Nearby Historical Markers

Gen. Henry Knox Trail



Northborough, MA, 01532

Through this place passed
General Henry Knox
in the winter of
1775 - 1776
to deliver to
General George Washington
at Cambridge
the train of artillery
from Fort Ticonderoga used
to force the British Army
to evacuate Boston.

Erected by the Commonwealth
of Massachusetts 1927


Gen. Henry Knox Trail



Framingham, MA, 01701

Through this place passed
General Henry Knox
in the winter of
1775 - 1776
to deliver to
General George Washington
at Cambridge
the train of artillery
from Fort Ticonderoga used
to force the British Army
to evacuate Boston.

Erected by the Commonwealth
of Massachusetts 1927


Gen. Henry Knox Trail



MARLBOROUGH, MA, 01752

Through this place passed
General Henry Knox
in the winter of
1775 - 1776
to deliver to
General George Washington
at Cambridge
the train of artillery
from Fort Ticonderoga used
to force the British Army
to evacuate Boston.

Erected by the Commonwealth
of Massachusetts 1927


Knox Trail



Framingham, MA, 01701

Fort
Ticonderoga, N.Y.
to
Cambridge, Mass.


Mary Goodnow's Grave



Northborough, MA, 01532

Mary Goodnow who lived here with her parents was lame and unable to run to the garrison house for safety when the Indians attacked Northborough, August 18, 1707. A short path leads through the woods to her grave near the place where she fell.

Pike Haven Homestead



Framingham, MA, 01701

Built in 1693 by Jeremiah Pike. He and his descendants were town and militia officers, yeomen and makers of spinning wheels, in the colonial period. This house has been occupied by the same family for eight generations.

The Bay Path



Hopkinton, MA, 01748

An Indian trail before 1630. Pathway of the Pioneers.

The Old Connecticut Path



Westborough, MA, 01581

An Indian trail before 1630 left the road here to go over Fay Mountain.

Williams Tavern



Marlborough, MA, 01752

The first tavern was erected on this site by Lieutenant Abraham Williams in 1665. Destroyed by Indians in 1676, it was promptly rebuilt and managed by the Williams Family until 1829. Here the early Circuit Courts convened, stage coaches changed horses, and historic personages tarried.

Community Histories


Framingham
Hopkinton
Marlborough
Northborough
Southborough
Westborough

Framingham

Framingham, sited on the ancient trail known as the Old Connecticut Path, was first settled when John Stone settled on the west bank of the Sudbury River in 1647. In 1660, Thomas Danforth, an official of the Bay Colony, formerly of Framlingham, Suffolk, received a grant of land at "Danforth's Farms" and began to accumulate over 15,000 acres (61 km2). He strenuously resisted petitions for incorporation of the town, which was officially incorporated in 1700, following his death the previous year. Why the "L" was dropped from the new town's name is not known. The first church was organized in 1701, the first teacher was hired in 1706, and the first permanent schoolhouse in 1716.

On February 22, 1775, the British general Thomas Gage sent two officers and an enlisted man out of Boston to survey the route to Worcester, Massachusetts. In Framingham those spies stopped at Buckminster's Tavern. They watched the town militia muster outside the building, impressed with the men's numbers but not their discipline. Though "the whole company" came into the tavern after their drill, the officers managed to remain undetected and continued on their mission the next day. Gage did not order a march along that route, instead ordering troops to Concord, Massachusetts on April 18–19. Framingham sent two militia companies totaling about 130 men into the Battles of Lexington and Concord that followed; one of those men was wounded.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Framingham", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


Hopkinton

The town of Hopkinton was incorporated on the 13th of December, 1715. Hopkinton was named for an early colonist of Connecticut, Edward Hopkins, who left a large sum of money to be invested in land in New England, the proceeds of which were to be used for the benefit of Harvard University. The trustees of Harvard purchased land from the Native American residents with money from the fund and incorporated the area, naming it in honor of its benefactor. Grain was the first production crop grown in the area, while fruit and dairy industries were developed later.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hopkinton,_Massachusetts", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


Marlborough

John Howe, Sr. was recorded as marshal of Marlborough in 1638 and married to Mary Wetherbee. John Howe, Jr. in 1656 was a fur trader and built a house at the intersection of two Indian trails, Nashua Trail and Connecticut path. He could speak the language of the Algonquian Indians though the local tribe referred to themselves as the Pennacooks. The settlers were welcomed by the Indians because they protected them from other tribes they were at war with. In the 1650s, several families left the nearby town of Sudbury, 18 miles west of Boston, to start a new town. The village was named after Marlborough, the market town in Wiltshire, England. It was first settled in 1657 by 14 men led by Edmund Rice, John Ruddock and John Howe; in 1656 Rice and his colleagues petitioned the Massachusetts General Court to create the town of Marlborough and it was officially incorporated in 1660. Rice was elected a selectman at Marlborough in 1657. Sumner Chilton Powell wrote, in Puritan Village: The Formation of a New England Town, "Not only did Rice become the largest individual landholder in Sudbury, but he represented his new town in the Massachusetts legislature for five years and devoted at least eleven of his last fifteen years to serving as selectman and judge of small causes."

The Reverend William Brimstead was the first minister of the Puritan church and Johnathan Johnson was the first blacksmith.

Marlborough was one of the seven "Praying Indian Towns" because they were converted to Christianity by the Rev. John Eliot of Roxbury. In 1674 a deed was drawn up dividing the land between the settlers and the natives. This is the only record of names of the natives. The document was signed by:


Old Nequenit
Robin (Robin Hill in Marlborough is named after him)
Benjamin Wuttanamitt
Great James
Mary, the widow of Peter Naskonit, on behalf of her child David Moses
Assoake, the widow of James Norwell "On behalf of my children"
Sarah Conomy, sole executrix of my late husband Oomonog
Elizebeth, the only daughter and sole heir of Solomon, deceased. (Solomon Pond in Northborough is named after him and hence Solomon Pond Mall)
James Spence on behalf of his wife.

The settlement was almost destroyed by Native Americans in 1676 during King Philip's War.

In 1711 Marlborough's territory included Northborough, Southborough, Westborough and Hudson. As population, business, and travel grew in the colonies, Marlborough became a favored rest stop on the Boston Post Road. Many travelers stopped at its inns and taverns, including George Washington, who visited the Williams Tavern (see citation below) soon after his inauguration in 1789.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marlborough,_Massachusetts", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


Northborough

Northborough was first settled in 1672. On January 24, 1766, the district of Northborough was established within neighboring Westborough. On August 23, 1775, the district became a town, and on June 20, 1807 part of neighboring Marlborough was annexed to Northborough.

The first Meeting House was established in 1746, with the legal governor of the town being called the Town Minister. The first Town Minister was Reverend John Martyn.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northborough,_Massachusetts", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


Southborough

Southborough was first settled in 1660 and was officially incorporated in 1727. Southborough was primarily a farming community until mills began to tap the small rivers that ran through the town.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southborough,_Massachusetts", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


Westborough

Before recorded time, the area now known as Westborough was a well travelled crossroads. As early as 7,000 B.C., prehistoric people in dugout canoes followed the Sudbury and Assabet Rivers to their headwaters in search of quartzite for tools and weapons. During the period from 1200-1600 A.D., seasonal migrations brought Nipmuc Indians to hunt and fish near Cedar Swamp and Lake Hoccomocco. Using Fay Mountain as a landmark, Indians crisscrossed Westborough on well worn paths: the old Connecticut Path leading west from Massachusetts Bay; the Narragansett Trail leading south, and the trail (along the present Milk Street) leading to Canada.

The early English explorer John Oldham followed these trails through Westborough in 1633, and settlers in search of fertile farmlands followed not long after. By late 1675, a few families had settled near Lake Chauncy, in the "west borough" of Marlborough.

On November 18, 1717, Westborough was incorporated as the hundredth town in Massachusetts, populated by twenty-seven families, including Thomas Rice who had represented Marlborough in the Great and General Court. Soon large farms were carved out, mills built along the Assabet River and Jackstraw Brook, and taverns flourished. Westborough's first minister, Reverend Ebenezer Parkman, shepherded the growing town of colonists through the years toward independence from Great Britain. Forty-six minutemen from Westborough fought under Captain Edmund Brigham in the Revolutionary War.

In 1775, Northborough split off as the "north borough" of Westborough, much as Westborough split off from Marlborough some 58 years before. However, the two towns shared a meetinghouse for some time more.

In 1810 the route from Boston to Worcester was straightened and improved into an official turnpike (the present Route 9), and along its Westborough route, the Wesson Tavern Common, Forbush Tavern and Nathan Fisher's store prospered. The center of commerce shifted downtown in 1824 with the arrival of the steam train through Westborough's center. The railroad brought a new era to the town industry: over the next century, local factories shipped boots and shoes, straw hats, sleighs, textiles, bicycles, and eventually abrasive products, across the nation. Westborough dairies supplied cities with milk and local greenhouses shipped out carnations, while the eight orchards found ready markets for their produce.

The industrial progress of the entire country is indebted to Westborough's most famous native son Eli Whitney Jr. Born in 1765, Whitney invented the cotton gin in 1795 after graduating from Yale, In 1798 he introduced mass production to the United States at his Whitney Arms Company in New Haven, Connecticut.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Westborough", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0