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1776 Mayflower : A Story of Courage, Community, and War
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Selected Site

Rochambeau Route 1781-82

Southbury, CT, 06488

In 1781 and 1782 Jean Baptiste Count de Rochambeau and his French Troops marched by here enroute to and from Yorktown, Va.

Click on heading to visit the website (excludes markers).

Nearby Historic Sites

General David Humphreys House

37 Elm Street
Ansonia, CT, 06418

Click on any heading to visit the website.

Nearby Historical Markers


Brookfield, CT, 06804

Parish of Newbury
The land which comprises the geographical area of Brookfield belonged to the towns of Danbury, Newtown, and New Milford. In 1754 the Parish of Newbury was incorporated by decree of the General Assembly with boundaries and area similar to those of the town as it is today. In October, 1755 the Assembly approved as a site for the Newbury meeting house the location of the present Congregational Church. In 1788 the Parish of Newbury was incorporated as the Town of Brookfield, so named for the first pastor of the Congregational Church, the Reverend Thomas Brooks.
Erected by the Town of Brookfield
the Brookfield American Revolution Bicentennial Commission
and the Connecticut Historical Commission

Col. Seth Warner Monument

Roxbury, CT, 06783

North Face:
Col. Seth Warner
of the
Army of the Revolution
in Roxbury, CT May 17, 1748
A resident
of Bennington, VT from
1765 to 1784
Died in his native parish
Dec 25, 1784

West Face:
Captor of Crown Point
Commander of the
Green Mountain Boys
in the repulse
of Carlton at Longueil
and in the Battle of
and the associate of
Stark in the victory at

East Face:
as a successful defender
of the
New Hampshire Grants
and for
Bravery Sagacity Energy
and Humanity
as a partisan officer
in the
War of the Revolution

South Face:
His remains
are deposited under
this monument
by order of
The General Assembly
of Connecticut
A.D. 1859

First Settlement of Waterbury

Waterbury, CT, 06708

The first settlement of Waterbury was made on land in this region about 1675. The settlement was abandoned during King Philip’s War and was resumed around the present Waterbury green after 1677.

Harrub Pilgrim Memorial

Waterbury, CT, 06708

East - Right Side
Plymouth Rock does not mark a beginning or an end. It marks a revelation of that which is without beginning and without end. A purpose shining through eternity with a resplendent light undimmed even by the imperfections of men and a response an answering purpose from those who oblivious disdainful of all else sailed hither seeking only for an avenue for the immortal soul. Calvin Coolidge

West - Left Side
Moved by the illustrious record of the Pilgrim Fathers the donor Charles Harrub in loving memory of his wife Roby S. Harrub and of her sympathetic accord dedicates this monument to the townspeople of Waterbury to keep ever in mind the conquest of hardship and adversity through virile Christian character and unflinching loyalty to almighty God on which was reared the structure of New England.

In Commemoration

Newtown, CT, 06470

1732 ---- 1932
In Commemoration Of
The Two Hundredth Birthday Of
George Washington
Established a Camp Here
June 28 To July 1, 1781
Soldiers Commanded By
Camped At This Spot
Placed by Mary Silliman Chapter


Middlebury, CT, 06762

The name of the town derives from the central
position its meeting house occupies, six
miles from three older neighbors, Waterbury,
Southbury and Woodbury.
Winter ecclesiastical privileges, permitting
local church services, were established for
West Farms, originally the southwest portion
of Waterbury, in 1768. In 1790, West Farms
and adjoining portions of Woodbury and South-
bury became a distinct ecclesiastical society
under the name of Middlebury. The first
house in the area was erected by Isaac
Bronson before 1702 on Breakneck Hill.
During the Revolutionary War, French General
Rochambeau and his troops established a camp
in the Breakneck Hill section on their march
to the final campaign at Yorktown, Virginia.
First petition to the General Assembly for
independence of Middlebury from Waterbury was
made in 1800. After much opposition
incorporation was granted in October, 1807.
Erected by the Town of Middlebury
the Middlebury Historical Society, Inc.
and the Connecticut Historical Commission


Monroe, CT, 06468

[ front ]
On May 23, 1823 the General Assembly granted the incorporation of this town and named it in honor of the then President, James Monroe. The town’s roots, however, are much deeper as it was an offspring of the mother-town of Stratford settled in 1639. About 1720, descendants of Stratford’s early proprietors, farmers and millers, claimed a share of this North Division and brought their families to new homesites here. To determine their religious and educational matters residents organized the parish of Ripton in 1717 and the parish of North Stratford in 1744.

[ back ]
Settlers in the northernmost hills of these two parishes petitioned in 1750 for the formation of a winter parish. Their plea, unsuccessful then, eventually led to the establishment of the Ecclesiastical Society of New Stratford in May, 1762. To achieve township status, in 1789 New Stratford allied with its sister parish of Ripton and finally broke with Stratford to form the town of Huntington. Severing their bonds with Huntington in 1823, New Stratford’s 1,522 inhabitants at last realized independence with the creation of Monroe.
Erected by the Town of Monroe
The Monroe Sesquicentennial Commission
And the Connecticut Historical Commission

Newtown Veterans Memorial

Newtown, CT, 06470

Newtown Remembers
With Grateful Prayers And
Solemn Vows Her Sacred Dead
Her Honored Living Who
Ventured All Unto Death
That We Might Live A Republic
With Independence A Nation
With Union Forever A World
With Righteousness
And Peace For All


Oxford, CT, 06478

Originally part of Derby, Oxford was settled by people pushing inland from Derby, Stratford, and New Haven. Land was acquired in five purchases from the Paugussett and Pootatuck Indians. The first grant of settlement appears in Derby records of 1678. Bounds were set with Mattatuck, now Waterbury, in 1680. In 1741 the "Oxford district" was made a parish but did not become a separate town until 1798. Oxford long remained rural with grist and saw mills, wool growing, and coastal commerce via Derby and New Haven until the embargo of 1807. Many small farm industries flourished into mid-century, when the railroad in the Naugatuck Valley caused sweeping changes. With dwindling population, Oxford turned to poultry and dairy farming, which later declined as new highways provided better access to employment in neighboring towns. The airport, opened in 1969, with adjacent industrial areas, began a new chapter in the economic development of Oxford.

Revolutionary War Tercentennial Memorial


A Tercentennial
Memorial to all
American Revolutionary
War soldiers
buried in this cemetery

Rochambeau Route 1781 - 82

Middlebury, CT, 06762

In this vicinity
French Troops under
enroute to Yorktown
encamped during June 1781
Erected by the state
Mattatuck Branch,
Sons Amer. Rev.


Roxbury, CT, 06783

1713 - First structure by white settlers built near Shepaug River.

1732 - 33 - First meeting house erected. Old Roxbury Road.

1743 - Roxbury parish established by Connecticut General Assembly.

Birthplace of three cousins of Revolutionary war fame:
      Captain Remember Baker 1737-1775
Colonel Ethan Allen 1738 - 1789
General Seth Warner 1743 - 1784

1796 - Town of Roxbury incorporated, separating from Woodbury. General Ephraim Hinman of the Connecticut Militia, a Legislator, spearheaded this achievement.

Mid-18800’s - Mostly a farming town, but with ten sawmills and five hat-making shops.

Mine Hill famous for various mineral ores, mainly iron. Garnet, now the State Mineral, was mined and granite quarried for buildings throughout New England and in New York City and transported by Shepaug Railroad.

Erected by the Town of Roxbury the Roxbury American Revolution Bicentennial Committee and the Connecticut Historical Commission 1977


Seymour, CT, 06483

High hills and deep valley - broad river and rocky falls.
In 1650 "Nawcatock", an Indian village. Today the river bears the name.
In 1678, "Amaugsuck", the fishing place where the waters pour down.
From 1738, Chusetown, after Chief Chuse, a scout in the French and Indian War.
In 1803, Rimmon Falls, and land with mill and shop, were purchased by General David Humphreys, friend and aide to General Washington.
In 1805, Humphreysville, to honor the General.
In 1806, one of the first large woolen mills to be successfully operated in the United States was built near the falls by General Humphreys.
In 1850, Seymour, named after the State Governor, held its first town meeting.
The mills have long since vanished - the falls remain, a reminder of a proud past.


Southbury, CT, 06488

In 1659 this area was part of a large tract of land bought from the Paugussett Indians by prospective settlers from Stratford. The boundaries of this purchase, from which several towns were later formed, extended from the Pootatuck River on the southwest to the Naugatuck River on the northeast. The first settlers arrived in 1673 and the area was named Woodbury in the following year. The Southbury Ecclesiastical Society was formed in 1733, when a new meetinghouse was erected. In 1787 Southbury and South Britain together were incorporated by the General Assembly as a new town of approximately forty square miles. Because of available water power, many small mills and manufacturing plants were established here. A railroad line served the town from 1881 to 1948. Southbury, in spite of rapid population growth, has retained most of its rural characteristics and natural beauty.

Where Rochambeau Crossed the Housatonic River

Southbury, CT, 06488

Near this point
Le Comte de Rochambeau
crossed the Housatonic River
leading the French Army
enroute to victory at Yorktown.


Woodbury Center, CT, 06798

In 1659 citizens of Stratford purchased from the Pegasset Indians the land, then called Pomperaug Plantation, that is now occupied by Woodbury, Southbury, Roxbury, Bethlehem and parts of Washington, Middlebury and Oxford. It was re-named Woodbury in 1673 and became the twenty-third town of Connecticut. The first congregation was gathered to a church near this marker, and townspeople were called to worship by the town drummer stationed on the rock to the east.

The streams of Woodbury provided power for making cutlery and woolen cloth from colonial days through the nineteenth century, but agriculture was the town’s main occupation, while forests furnished charcoal for the metal furnaces of neighboring industries.

"I love the rocks and rills
Thy woods and templed hills."

Ye Ancient Common

Derby, CT, 06418

Ancient Common
of the
Founders of Derby
1654 - 1904
Erected by
Daughters of Founders
Patriots of America

Community Histories



Before the English settled the area, it was inhabited by the Paugusset and Wyantenuck Native Americans, members of the Algonquin Federation. The Wyantenuck were an off shoot of the Paugusset Nation who lived in present day New Milford. The people that lived here were subsistence farmers, gatherers and hunters. The main food sources were corn, beans, squash and wild foods found in the rocky, heavily forested foot hills of the Berkshire Mountains of Brookfield and New Milford. Such wild foods that were harvested were White Oak acorns, American Chestnuts, Shag bark Hickory nuts, may apples, beach nuts and Solomon seal. The hunted foods that were taken from the forest and rivers were deer, Passenger Pigeon, turkey, Bass, Trout, Cray Fish, squirrel, rabbit and many more. In the 18th century the community was called "Newbury", a name that came from the three towns from which its land was taken – New Milford, Newtown, and Danbury.

As traveling to surrounding churches was difficult in winter, in 1752 the General Assembly granted the community the right to worship in area homes from September through March. In 1754, the General Assembly granted permission for the Parish of Newbury to build its own meeting house and recruit its own minister. On September 28, 1757, the first Congregational Church building was dedicated. The Reverend Thomas Brooks was ordained as the first settled minister. Incorporated in 1778, the town's name was changed to Brookfield in honor of Brooks, who was still the minister.

Along the Still River, mills were in operation as early as 1732 in an area that became known as the Iron Works District. Brookfield was a thriving town with iron furnaces, grist mills, sawmills, comb shops, carding and cotton mills, a paper mill, a knife factory, hat factories, stage-coach shops, lime kilns, harness shops and other plants in operation. The grist mill still stands, as the Brookfield Craft Center. The Iron Works Aqueduct Company, formed in 1837 to supply water from mountain springs to the Iron Works District, still supplies water as the Brookfield Water Company.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article ",_Connecticut ", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


Derby was settled in 1642 as an Indian trading post under the name Paugasset. It was named after Derby, England in 1675.

Derby was incorporated on May 13, 1775.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article ",_Connecticut", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


The town of Newtown, originally known as Quanneapague, was purchased from the Pohtatuck Indians in 1705. In 1708, 36 Connecticut Englishmen petitioned the General Assembly to settle an area north of Stratford (at least seven men previously had been given permission to settle the area). The 36 became "petition proprietors" legally entitled to own its common land and share in the division when the town decided to parcel out tracts into private hands. The town was incorporated in 1711.

In 1709, a "Town Plat" (essentially a planned design for the town's roads and properties) was established. The plan called for a 132-foot (40 m) wide north-south road (now Main Street), intersected by a northern and southern Cross Highway (now West Street, Church Hill Road and Glover Avenue Route 302). 4-acre (16,000 m2) home lots were distributed in 1710 to proprietors, which then totaled 48 men. A 49th parcel was reserved for the minister when one was chosen.

The town's first settlers had a lot in common. They were generally in their late 20s and early 30s, mostly from Stratford and Milford, and second- and third-generation immigrants and farmers to a man. A move to the interior meant they could have more land to farm. Most of the men settled with their families on the original 4-acre (16,000 m2) plots in a relatively compact village near the main street.

Their houses were built in the saltbox or Cape Cod cottage style and were 1½ or 2 stories high. In the back were barns, privies and other small outbuildings, and typically an orchard farther back. Small gardens were started for vegetables and herbs.

Originally, each proprietor's property was scattered. In addition to the 4-acre (16,000 m2) plots for homes, land was given out for planting and grazing land. The first division gave each proprietor a 4-acre (16,000 m2) meadow lot to the south of the village, near Deep Brook. Then a division was made for 4 acres (16,000 m2) for "pitch" — parcels for crop fields near the village. Then each received a 20-acre (81,000 m2) parcel somewhere else in town. Almost all of the town's land was divided up within 20 years.

For convenience, proprietors began moving away from the central village and to some of their larger parcels, and several proprietors with land in the same area tended to move out together to reduce isolation. One of the first of these outlying settlements was Sandy Hook, settled within a year of the start of the village. The Potatuck River at Sandy Hook allowed for the setting up of saw and grist mills.

Other concentrations of settlers (as seen from the establishment of schools) were at the area around Taunton Lake (school founded in 1738); Zoar to the east and Land's End to the north (both in 1748); Palestine petitioned for a school in 1748; Hanover got its school in 1755. By 1760 the town had seven school districts, including two in the village. There were 20 by 1794. (The districts were abolished in the 1920s, but their names have survived and are still use in designating various neighborhoods or areas of town. Other names include Dodgingtown, Hattertown, Lake George, and Head O’Meadow.)

Newtown was a stronghold of Tory sentiment during the early American Revolutionary War. French General Rochambeau and his troops encamped here in 1781 on their way to the siege of Yorktown, Virginia, which ended the Revolution.

The rooster weathervane (a town symbol), located atop the Newtown Meeting House, is said to have been used as a target by French soldiers encamped here in 1781 during the Revolutionary War.

In the early 19th century, several small industries developed along the town's rivers, which supplied power to the water wheels of shops and mills.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article ",_Connecticut", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


In the 18th century, farmers herded livestock through Oxford from as far away as Litchfield on the way to the port of New Haven. In the 19th century, the town lost population as farmers moved to work in better-paying factories.

Oxford was incorporated in October 1798.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article ",_Connecticut", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


Roxbury, whose Indian name was "Shepaug", a Mahican name signifiying "rocky water", was settled about the year 1713. Originally a part of Woodbury, the town was incorporated in October 1796.

Mine Hill and its minerals have been associated with Roxbury since the middle of the 18th century.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article ",_Connecticut", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


The town of Southbury was one of several towns formed out of a parcel of land purchased from the Paugussett Indians in 1659. Southbury was originally part of Woodbury, which was settled in 1673. A meetinghouse for the Southbury Ecclesiastical Society was built in 1733, and in 1787 the town of Southbury was incorporated. Although incorporated as part of Litchfield County, Southbury has been in New Haven County for most of its existence.

In the 1800s, water power became essential to the growth of Southbury's industries, which included mills, tanneries, and distilleries. The power for these industries came primarily from the Pomperaug River and the Housatonic River.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


The original settlement of Waterbury was in 1674 as a Town Plot section. In 1675 King Philip's War caused it to be vacated but the land, was returned to in 1677, this time west of the first settlement. Both sites are now marked. The Algonquin name for the area was "Matetacoke", meaning "place without trees." Thus the settlement was named "Mattatock" in 1673. The name changed to Waterbury on May 15, 1686, when the settlement was admitted as the 28th town in the Connecticut Colony. It then included all or parts of the later towns of Watertown, Plymouth, Wolcott, Prospect, Naugatuck, Thomaston, and Middlebury. The name Waterbury was chosen because of all the streams flowing into the Naugatuck River. Growth was slow during Waterbury's first hundred years. The lack of arable land discouraged new settlers, and the residents suffered through the great flood of 1691 and the great sickness of 1712. After a century, Waterbury's population numbered just 5,000.

Waterbury hit its stride as an industrial power in the early 19th century when it began to manufacture brass.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


The founders of Ancient Woodbury came from Stratford in the 1670s. Ancient Woodbury consisted of the present towns of Woodbury, Southbury, Roxbury, Bethlehem, most of Washington and parts of Middlebury and Oxford.

Two groups of settlers came from Stratford. One, a group of religious dissidents unhappy with the church in Stratford, was led by Woodbury’s first minister, Reverend Zachariah Walker. The second group, led by Deacon Samuel Sherman, had been given approval by the general court to purchase land from local Native Americans in order establish a new settlement. The two groups, consisting of fifteen families (about fifty people), arrived in Ancient Woodbury, known as “Pomperaug Plantation, early in 1673.

In 1673 the original settlers of Woodbury drew up an agreement called the “Fundamental Articles,” which proclaimed that as many settlers as could be accommodated would be welcomed to the new settlement. The Fundamental Articles stated that expenses of establishing the settlement would be shared by its inhabitants, and that no one was to be given more than twenty-five or less than ten acres of land. Other sections of the articles provided for common land and land saved to be divided up for future inhabitants of the settlement.

Signers of the Fundamental Articles:
Samuel Sherman, Sr.
Joshua Curtiss,
Lt. Joseph Judson, Sr.
Titus Hinman
Israel Curtiss
David Jenkins
John Wheeler
John Judson
Roger Terill
Moses Johnson
John Wyatt
Samuel Munn
John Sherman
Samuel Stiles
John Minor
Eleazur Knowles
Thomas Fairchild

The settlement was named Woodbury, which means a “dwelling place in the woods” and first recognized as a town in 1674. Deacon and captain John Minor was the first leader of the community during Woodbury’s early years. Minor was the first town clerk and along with Lieutenant Joseph Judson served as the first deputy to the Connecticut General Court from the town of Woodbury.

On March 25, 1783, a meeting of ten Episcopal clergy in Woodbury, Connecticut, elected Samuel Seabury (1729–1796) the first American Episcopal bishop, the second Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church, USA, and the first Bishop of Connecticut.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article ",_Connecticut ", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0