Content on this page requires a newer version of Adobe Flash Player.

Get Adobe Flash player

American Revolution History by ColonialAmerica.com
American Revolution History by ColonialAmerica.com
Legend: Selected Site Area Merchant Site Historic Site Historic Marker Historic Shipwreck
Marker data courtesy of hmdb.org   Some map icons courtesy of Map Icons Collection



1776 Mayflower : A Story of Courage, Community, and War
The Federalist Papers Bunker Hill: A City, a Siege, a Revolution
Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis Thomas Jefferson and the Opening of the American West John Adams
Benjamin Franklin : An American Life The Bloody & Brave History of Native American Warriors & the Women Who Supported Them
Click here for additional books


We the Kids : The Preamble to the Constitution of the United States The New Americans : Colonial Times: 1620-1689 (The American Story)
The Notorious Benedict Arnold: A True Story of Adventure, Heroism & Treachery A History of US: Vol 3, From Colonies to Country (A History of Us)
Let It Begin Here!: Lexington & Concord: First Battles of the American Revolution George Washington, Spymaster: How the Americans Outspied the British and Won the Revolutionary War
They Called Her Molly Pitcher Now &  Ben : The Modern Inventions of Benjamin Franklin


Pirates and Traders: Gold! Hidden Treasures Hidden Object
Dedaloop (Kindle Fire Edition) Word Treasure
Treasure Island, The Experience Robinson Crusoe
The Patriots Hero Tales from American History - AudioBook

Selected Site

The Washington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route


Bernards, NJ, 07920




On this site French Troops under Le Comte De Rochambeau encamped August 29, 1781 en route to meeting Gen. George Washington and achieving their victory at Yorktown, American independence was assured there in Virginia by the defeat and surrender of Lord Cornwallis' British forces on October 19, 1781. The return encampment was September 9, 1782

Click on heading to visit the website (excludes markers).

Nearby Historic Sites

Farmstead Arts Center



450 King George Road
Basking Ridge, NJ, 07920

Heritage Trail



941 East Main Street
Bridgewater, NJ, 08807

Jacobus Vanderveer House



965 US Highway 206
Bedminster, NJ, 07921

Click on any heading to visit the website.

Nearby Historical Markers

1777 Encampment



Bridgewater, NJ, 08836

The Continental Army
camped here from May 28
to July 2, 1777. Advance
units were on the slopes
facing the Raritan Valley.


1777 Reboubt



Bridgewater, NJ, 08836

One of the redoubts and
breastworks erected by
the Continental troops,
June, 1777, to defend the
encampment in the valley.


A Revolutionary Winter



Bernardsville, NJ, 07924

Morristown National Historical Park commemorates the suffering and devotion of Washington’s army during the severest winter of the Revolution when these woods gave shelter, fuel, and water - but precious little else.

That winter of bitter cold, blocked roads, short rations, late pay, and scant clothes marked the difference between … the regulation soldier that is familiar and the actual cold, hungry soldier.

A Trash Pit



Bernardsville, NJ, 07924

Even in times of severest want, there are trash pits. What else can you do with the occasional bone? Or the inevitable broken oddments? Wreckage of a chicken or a beef, a pipe or a musket?

Archeologists removed everything - a meager collection. The army’s supplies gave out. At times the men ate bark or shoes, if they had shoes (and many didn’t). Yet, there was still a trash pit.

A Warm Fire



Bernardsville, NJ, 07924

In 1779 soldiers of the New Jersey Brigade built this hearth. Archeologists stabilized it and removed the other artifacts found here for protection.

The hearth provided the hut’s only comfort: a warm fire. Food ran out. Many men had no shoes and some had no clothes. Even bedding straw was in short supply - but there was a fire.

Soldiers’ huts were all alike - one room, one hearth, one door, six bunks, and 12 men - all the huts lined up in neat rows. Most of the soldiers’ huts were ready by Christmas.

Basking Ridge Presbyterian Church Graveyard



Bernards, NJ, 07920

In memory of the Revolutionary War soldiers buried in the graveyard of the Basking Ridge Presbyterian Church

Alward, Benjamin • Ayres, John • Ayres, Nathaniel • Baird, John • Bockoven, George • Boylan, John • Brees, John Jr. • Brees, John Sr. • Brees, Stephen • Carle, John • Carle, Jonas • Colwell, Hugh • Dott, Daniel • Doughty, William • Finley, James • Hall, John • Johnson, Samuel • Kirkpatrick, Alexander • Kirkpatrick, David • Kirkpatrick, James • Lewis, Edward • Logan, Thomas • McCoy, Gavin • Miller, Jonathan • Parker, John • Reynolds, Samuel • Rickey, Israel • Riggs, Thomas • Sharpenstine, Peter • Simpson, David • Southard, Henry • Thompson, James • Whitaker, Jonathan Jr. • Whitaker, Jonathan Sr. • Wilson, Stafford

Presented by the Basking Ridge Chapter, Daughters of the American Revolution February 22, 1974

Black Horse Inn



Mendham, NJ, 07945

Farmhouse home of Ebenezer Byram, one of Mendham's founding fathers. In 1742 opened as tavern to travelers. In continuous operation as hostelry over two hundred years.

Bolmer Farm House - 1754



Bridgewater, NJ, 08836

This remodeled farm house is the last of the farm houses built by members of the Bolmer family. Settling here before 1799, the Bolmers were the first early Dutch settlers in the fertile Washington Valley. Robert and Marie Bolmer had 12 children all baptized at the Dutch Reformed Church of Raritan. The Bolmers were staunch patriots and all the menfolk served their country in time of war and peace.

Early Church



Bernards, NJ, 07920

A pioneer log church was built under the ancient oak before 1731. A frame church replaced it in 1749. Present structure, 1839.

Hilltop Church



Mendham, NJ, 07945

The original church chartered in 1745. Served as a hospital for the Continental Army in 1777. The present church was built in 1860.

Lebbeus Dod House



Mendham, NJ, 07945

Lebbeus Dod, Captain of the Morris County Militia during the Revolution; also renowned craftsman noted for his clocks and mathematical instruments.

Morris County



Bernards, NJ, 07920

Founded 1739. George Washington and Continental Army encamped here, 1777, and 1779-1780. Major iron-producing center in the nation during the 19th century.

Mt. Bethel Meeting House



Warren, NJ, 07059

Historic Baptist church and Revolutionary War burial grounds built in 1761 on the Old Quibbletown Gap Road. Chartered in 1767. Moved to the present location in 1785. One of the oldest surviving Baptist buildings in New Jersey.
A state and national historic site.

RHIP



Bernardsville, NJ, 07924

RHIP - Rank Hath Its Privileges - bigger huts, more privacy, two fireplaces - the normal social distinctions of the day.

But officers and men worked together to build the huts and the soldiers’ huts were built first. Some officers were still in tents as late as February.

After two centuries only the hearths remain. Decay took the hut, and archeologists have the few artifacts that were found for study and preservation.

Ralston District of Mendham



Mendham, NJ, 07945

Logan's grist mill supplied food to Washington's troops during Jockey Hollow encampment. John Ralston, early industrialist, occupied the manor house 1786-1819, and operated the general store, subsequently a post office 1892-1941.

Signal Beacon #11



Long Hill, NJ, 07946

During the Revolutionary War, signal beacon #11 was located on Long Hill Road in the vicinity of John Cooper's windmill near this site and served to summon local militia in time of danger and invasion.

The Jacobus Vanderveer House



Bedminster, NJ, 07921

Pre-Revolutionary Dutch Farmhouse Built c. 1760. Headquarters of General Henry Knox During The 1778-1779 Winter Encampment Of The Continental Army Near Pluckemin

The New Jersey Brigade



Bernardsville, NJ, 07924

New Jersey soldiers enlisted early in the Revolution and fought through to the end. The war took them to Canada in the beginning and Yorktown at the end, but most of their service was nearer home.

The brigade camped here during the winter of 1779-1780. The trail - 20 minutes - passes some remains of the camp.

Washington’s Route from Princeton



Bridgewater, NJ, 08807


By this route
Washington
with his army
retired after his victory at Princeton
January, 1777.
Erected by
Camp Middlebrook Chapter
D.A.R.


Washington’s Route from Princeton to Morristown



Madisonville, NJ, 07920


By this route
Washington
with his army
retired to Morristown
after his victory
at Princeton
January - 1777
--------------
Erected by the
D-A-R


Washington’s Route from Princeton to Morristown



BEDMINSTER, NJ, 07921


By this route
Washington
with his army
retired after his victory
at Princeton
Jan. 1777.

Erected by
Gen. Frelinghuysen Chapter
D.A.R.


Washington’s Route from Princeton to Morristown



Bedminster, NJ, 07921


By this route
Washington
with his army
retired to Morristown
after his victory
at Princeton
January - 1777
--------------
Erected by the
D-A-R


Washington’s Route from Princeton to Morristown



Bernardsville, NJ, 07924


By this route
Washington
with his army
retired to Morristown
after his victory
at Princeton
January - 1777
--------------
Erected by the
D-A-R


Washington’s Route from Princeton to Morristown



Bridgewater, NJ, 08807


By this route
Washington
with his army
retired after his victory
at Princeton
Jan. 1777.

Erected by
Gen. Frelinghuysen Chapter
D.A.R.


Community Histories


Basking Ridge
Bernardsville
Bridgewater
Martinsville
Mendham

Basking Ridge

Basking Ridge was originally settled in the 1720s by British and Scottish people escaping religious persecution. The land was bought from the Lenape Indians. On December 13, 1776, General Charles Lee was captured by the British in his room in town. Lee had ranked next to Washington in command.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Basking_Ridge ", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


Bernardsville

Bernardsville was originally a section of Bernards Township known as Vealtown. In 1840, Vealtown became Bernardsville, named after Sir Francis Bernard, Colonial governor of New Jersey from 1758 to 1760. Located in the northern most part of Somerset County, just 12 miles (19 km) south of Morristown, the borough includes some of the last vestiges of the Great Eastern Forest.

During the American Revolutionary War, General Charles Lee rested his troops in Vealtown around the night of December 12 to 13, 1776. General Lee and some of his guard spent the night about 3 miles (5 km) southeast at White's Inn on the southeast side of Basking Ridge, near the manor house of Continental Army general William Alexander, Lord Stirling. On the morning of December 13, General Lee was captured by the British and removed to New York.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bernardsville ", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


Bridgewater

The thirty-three square mile area which is now the Township of Bridgewater was originally purchased from a local Lenape Native American tribe. Bridgewater was chartered by George II of Great Britain in 1749, and incorporated as one of New Jersey's 104 original townships in 1798. It is named after the town of Bridgwater in the English county of Somerset.

Tradition holds that it was at the Middlebrook encampment that the first official flag of the United States was unfurled, after a law to adopt a national flag had been passed by Congress on June 14, 1777. By special order of Congress, a Thirteen Star Flag is flown 24 hours a day at the Washington Camp Ground, part of the former Middlebrook encampment, in Bridgewater.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bridgewater,_New_Jersey ", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


Martinsville

The Middlebrook encampment was a seasonal encampment of the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War near Martinsville that straddled the ridge of the First Watchung Mountains. Its position provided a natural fortress not only protecting the Continental Army, but also overlooking the plains towards New Brunswick where the British forces were stationed in 1777.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Martinsville,_New_Jersey", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


Mendham

After the American War of Independence, the township was incorporated under the same name by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on February 21, 1798. Portions of the township were taken to create Randolph Township on January 1, 1806.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mendham_Township,_New_Jersey", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0