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American Revolution History by ColonialAmerica.com
American Revolution History by ColonialAmerica.com
Legend: Selected Site Area Merchant Site Historic Site Historic Marker Historic Shipwreck
Marker data courtesy of hmdb.org   Some map icons courtesy of Map Icons Collection



1776 Mayflower : A Story of Courage, Community, and War
The Federalist Papers Bunker Hill: A City, a Siege, a Revolution
Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis Thomas Jefferson and the Opening of the American West John Adams
Benjamin Franklin : An American Life The Bloody & Brave History of Native American Warriors & the Women Who Supported Them
Click here for additional books


We the Kids : The Preamble to the Constitution of the United States The New Americans : Colonial Times: 1620-1689 (The American Story)
The Notorious Benedict Arnold: A True Story of Adventure, Heroism & Treachery A History of US: Vol 3, From Colonies to Country (A History of Us)
Let It Begin Here!: Lexington & Concord: First Battles of the American Revolution George Washington, Spymaster: How the Americans Outspied the British and Won the Revolutionary War
They Called Her Molly Pitcher Now &  Ben : The Modern Inventions of Benjamin Franklin


Pirates and Traders: Gold! Hidden Treasures Hidden Object
Dedaloop (Kindle Fire Edition) Word Treasure
Treasure Island, The Experience Robinson Crusoe
The Patriots Hero Tales from American History - AudioBook

Selected Site

Gen. Henry Knox Trail


Waterford, NY, 12188




Through this Place Passed
Gen. Henry Knox
In the Winter of 1775 - 1776
To Deliver To
Gen. George Washington
At Cambridge
The Train of Artillery
From Fort Ticonderoga
Used to Force the British
Army to Evacuate Boston

Erected by
The State of New York
During the Sesquicentennial
of the American Revolution


Click on heading to visit the website (excludes markers).

Nearby Historic Sites

Van Schaick Mansion



1 Van Schaick Avenue
Cohoes, NY, 12047

Click on any heading to visit the website.

Nearby Historical Markers

Camp Van Schaick



WATERFORD, NY, 12188

Continental Army, Northern
Department under command
General Philip Schuyler
General Horatio Gates
Aug. 15 - Sept. 8, 1777


Camp Van Schaick



WATERFORD, NY, 12188

Encampment of the Northern
Department Continental Army
August 9-September 8-1777
from this place August 9-1777
Gen. Ebenezer Learned
with his Massachusetts Brigade
marched to relieve
Fort Stanwix


Gen. Henry Knox Trail



Crescent Station, NY, 12047

Through this Place Passed
Gen. Henry Knox
In the Winter of 1775 - 1776
To Deliver To
Gen. George Washington
At Cambridge
The Train of Artillery
From Fort Ticonderoga
Used to Force the British
Army to Evacuate Boston

Erected by
The State of New York
During the Sesquicentennial
of the American Revolution


Gen. Henry Knox Trail



Colonie, NY, 12110

Through this place passed
Gen. Henry Knox
in the Winter of 1775 - 1776
to deliver to
Gen. George Washington
at Cambridge
the train of artillery
from Fort Ticonderoga
used to force the British
Army to evacuate Boston

Erected By
The State of New York
during the Sesquicentennial
of the American Revolution


Gen. Henry Knox Trail



Mechanicville, NY, 12118

Through this Place Passed
Gen. Henry Knox
In the Winter of 1775 - 1776
To Deliver To
Gen. George Washington
At Cambridge
The Train of Artillery
From Fort Ticonderoga
Used to Force the British
Army to Evacuate Boston

Erected by
The State of New York
During the Sesquicentennial
of the American Revolution


Loudoun Ferry Road



Colonie, NY, 12047

1755 Constructed as Military Road from
Albany to Lake George by Provincial
Troops from New York, New England
and New Jersey under command of
Major General William Johnson
- - -
Named in honor of Major General
John Campbell, 4th Earl of Loudoun.
Commander in Chief of His Majesty's
Forces in America, French and Indian War
- - -
1776 General Henry Knox's Train
of Artillery crossed here
to aid General George Washington
in the Siege of Boston
- - -
Military Route Northern Department
Continental Army
- - -
1777 Used as camp ground
of General Enoch Poor's Brigade


Van Schaick Mansion



Cohoes, NY, 12047

1735 - 1927
Van Schaick Mansion
Home Of
John G. Van Schaick
and his Wife Anna Patriot Americans
Built by Anthony Van Schaick
Son of Goosen Gerritsen original patentee
Headquarters
August 18-September 8-1777
Northern Department Continental Army
General Philip Schuyler
General Horatio Gates

Here was planned the Saratoga Campaign
And here August 19-1777
General Gates assumed command
From this place August 15-1777
General Benedict Arnold and his force
marched to relieve Fort Stanwix
Beneath this roof were received
Governor George Clinton
Gen. Benjamin Lincoln · Gen. Enoch Poor
Gen. Ebenezer Learned · Gen. John Stark
Col. Peter Gansevoort · Col. Daniel Morgan
Colonel Tadeusz Kosciuszko
Engineer of the fortifications on
Peebles Island and at Bemis Heights
Here also after the surrender
were entertained
General John Burgoyne and his staff
Erected by the Cohoes Historical Society
and the State of New York - 1927


Community Histories


Cohoes
Latham
Mechanicville
Waterford

Cohoes

The majority of the city was once part of the Manor of Rensselaerswyck, a Dutch colonial feudal system; however the land north of a line crossing the Cohoes Falls (today Manor Avenue) was outside of the Manor and was owned by the Van Olohde family between 1725 and 1750. Rensselaerswyck was established by Killiaen Van Rensselaer, the patroon and a Dutch merchant. In 1632 he had an agent of his pace off an enormous triangle-shaped area around the confluence of the Mohawk and Hudson rivers, from the Peebles Island northwest to the Cohoes Falls and south to today's Watervliet; this area was the core of the future city of Cohoes. Starting in the 1690s the Patroon began to issue leases for the area of Cohoes, though he did reserve for himself a strip below the Cohoes Falls for the future site of mills.

Though the area wasn't immediately heavily settled it was well known for many reasons. The main was geographic, with the Cohoes Falls being the centerpiece. One of the earliest descriptions of the falls was in 1642 by Johannes Megapolensis, the first dominie (Reverend) of Beverwyck. Another early description was in 1656 by Adriaen van der Donck in his Description of New Netherland. In the early-to-mid 17th century a whale had found itself stranded in the Mohawk River on an island just below the Cohoes Falls, it was impossible for the Dutch settlers of the area to remove the carcass and as it rotted the river became slick for three weeks from the rotting carcass and one commented that "the air was infected with its stench... perceptible for two miles to leeward"; around 1646 this island came to be known as Whale Island due to this occurrence.

During the various French and Indian Wars during the mid-18th century Van Schaick Island became the site of a military road that came from Albany north along the islands at the mouth of the Mohawk River. These islands allowed for easier fords across the various mouths of the Mohawk and access to Waterford and points north. The islands would be the site of many military encampments during both the French and Indian Wars and the US Revolutionary War. The Van Schaick Mansion on Van Schaick Island was built in the 1730s and was one of the sites used as a military headquarters by the Americans under General Philip Schuyler and General Horatio Gates. Van Schaick Island was the first part of Cohoes to be settled and farmed, it was formerly known as Cohoes Island and Anthony's Island.

Until the Revolutionary war Cohoes was a small quiet hamlet with isolated farms, after the Revolution things slowly began to pick up and Cohoes was linked to the larger settlements of Lansingburg and Albany. In 1795 at Cohoes the first bridge across the Mohawk River was constructed, it was 900 feet long, 24 feet wide, 15 feet high and sat on 13 stone piers. It cost $12,000 to build and was a toll bridge. This bridge increased the importance of Cohoes as it became one of the main routes north. It was rebuilt in 1806 by the Cohoes Bridge Company and tolls increased. The Erie and Champlain Canals were begun in 1817 and the section in Cohoes finished in 1823, they would impact Cohoes in every aspect, Cohoes was even known as Juncta because of this. Every farm in Cohoes was crossed by one or both of the canals, and Cohoes was the site of the junction of the two canals. Even with the canals and the bridge bringing easier access to larger markets Cohoes was a sleepy place to be in prior to 1831, the nearest post office was at Waterford and fresh meat and groceries were a luxury hard to come by in Cohoes. A post office in Cohoes was finally built in 1831.

In 1811 the Cohoes Manufacturing Company, owned entirely by men from Lansingburg, was incorporated and began a factory for making screws, this would be the first use of large industry in Cohoes and the harnessing of the Mohawk River and Cohoes Falls for power.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cohoes,_New_York ", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


Latham

The Old Loudon Road was built in 1755 during the French and Indian War to bring troops and provisions from Albany to the areas of Lake George and Ticonderoga. The Troy and Schenectady Turnpike was built in 1802 and intersected Old Loudon. An early first resident of this hamlet was Jonas Yearsley, 1785, who later built the first hotel close to this intersection. The hamlet was known first under the name of Yearsley's Corners and years afterward as Van Vrankens Corners in the 1850s.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Latham,_New_York", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


Mechanicville

The first European settlers on the Tenendeho Creek in the area of today's Mechanicville arrived in 1764. Actually, the first listing for a settlement on Thenendehowa Creek is in 1721. At that time, Cornelius Van Buren had a sawmill at the mouth of the creek where it emptied into the Hudson. The first documented occurrence of the name "Mechanicville" dates back to 1829. The name comes from the early settlers, who were independent mastercraftsmen such as millers, carpenters, or butchers, whose professions were commonly known as the "mechanical arts" at the time.

About 35 years later, small flour mills were already established. When the Champlain Canal reached the settlement in 1823, and especially when the Saratoga and Renselaer Railway laid a track through the area in 1835, Mechanicville became an important commerce interchange.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mechanicville", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


Waterford

The town is part of the Van Schaick land patent of 1687. The first settlement took place at the site of the current Waterford village, then called "Half Moon Point".

The town was formed in 1816 by splitting the area of southeastern Saratoga County known as Halfmoon (anglicized from the Dutch name Halve Maan) into the town of Halfmoon and the town of Waterford.

The village of Waterford is the oldest incorporated village in the US, having been incorporated in 1794, before the town was formed. Waterford has been host to "Canal Fest" and "Tugboat Roundup" celebrations for many years.

The Catawissa (tugboat), Northside Historic District, Ormsby-Laughlin Textile Companies Mill, Peebles (Peobles) Island, Urger (canal tugboat), and Waterford Village Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Waterford_(town),_New_York", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0