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William Bartram Trail
Newberry, FL, 32669
Visited by William Bartram, America's first naturalist, in 1774.
Erected by Newberry Garden Club in cooperation with Dist. V. FFGC National Council of State Garden Clubs, Inc.
Fla. Dept. of Transportation
Click on heading to visit the website (excludes markers).
William Bartram Trail
Micanopy, FL, 32667
The great Quaker naturalist of Philadelphia made a long journey through the southeastern states in the 1770's collecting botanical specimens. In May, 1774, he visited the Seminole Chief, Cowkeeper, at the Indian village of Cuscowilla located near this spot. His book, 'Travels...', provided the earliest reliable account of North Florida landscape, flora, fauna, and Indian life and his vivid images of local scenes inspired Coleridge, Wordsworth, and Emerson.
MicanopyMicanopy was the first distinct United States town in Florida, with settlement beginning after Spain ceded the Florida territory in 1821. When explorer and naturalist William Bartram visited in 1774, it was the site of a Seminole village called Cuscowilla. Bartram's favorable writings about this fertile area influenced future generations of settlers. Named after a Seminole chief, the territorial town of Micanopy was built under the auspices of the Florida Association of New York (the earliest Florida development corporation, headquartered in New York City). Chief Micanopy did not live in this village, he lived about 60 miles south in present-day Sumter County; in 1821 when the territorial village was developed, Miccosukees lived in the immediate area. It's thought that "The naming of the company town after Micanopy was an early effort to appease the chief and acknowledge his original authority over the land and did not indicate his actual presence in the town itself." Both Fort Defiance (1835–1836) and Fort Micanopy (1837–1843) were located here during the Second Seminole War. Some of the bloodiest battles of that war took place along the road southwest from Fort Micanopy to Fort Wacahoota, just inside modern Alachua County.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Micanopy,_Florida", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0