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American Revolution History by ColonialAmerica.com
American Revolution History by ColonialAmerica.com
Legend: Selected Site Area Merchant Site Historic Site Historic Marker Historic Shipwreck
Marker data courtesy of hmdb.org   Some map icons courtesy of Map Icons Collection



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Selected Site

Fort Ligonier

US Route 30
Ligonier, PA, 15658




Click on heading to visit the website (excludes markers).

Nearby Historic Sites

Compass Inn



Route 30 East
Laughlintown, PA, 15655

Click on any heading to visit the website.

Nearby Historical Markers

Arthur St. Clair



Derry, PA, 15650

At the head of the hollow to the south was last home of Gen. St. Clair. He served in the Revolutionary army, in the Continental Congress, and was first Governor of the Northwest Territory. His grave is at Greensburg.

Forbes Road



Ligonier, PA, 15658

Fort Ligonier Built by order of General Forbes. Was located 200 yards west of this marker. The road leads south-westward to 12 mile encampment. Eminent service was rendered here by Colonel Henry Bouquet and Colonel John Armstrong and in engagements with the French and Indians. Near this place Colonel George Washington, Colonel James Burd, and Lieutenant Colonel Hugh Mercer distinguished themselves, 50 miles from Fort Bedford.

Fort Ligonier



Ligonier, PA, 15658

Built here 1758 as a base of Forbes expedition. Under Col. James Burd withstood French and Indian attack, Oct. 22, 1758. Only small fort in West not taken in Pontiac's War, 1763, it made possible Bouquet's rescue of Fort Pitt.

Fort Ligonier



Ligonier, PA, 15658

The first English fort west of the Alleghany Mountains was built five hundred feet south-east of this spot, in 1758 by order of Gen. John Forbes, and named in honor of Lord John Ligonier. Here General Forbes with the aid of Colonels George Washington, Henry Bouquet and John Armstrong, assembled an army of 7850 men, constructed the Forbes Road, marched against Fort Duquesne, and compelled the evacuation of the fort November 25, 1758, thereby overthrowing French and establishing English supremacy in this region. Here Col. Bouquet re-organized the expedition for the relief of Fort Pitt, and while on the march, at a point of twenty-seven miles west of this, fought the Battle of Bushy Run August 5, and 6, 1763, defeating the Indians under Chief Guyasuta in 'One of the best contested actions ever fought between white men and Indians.'

St. Clair Hollow



Derry, PA, 15650

Named in honor of Gen. Arthur St. Clair. The source of this hollow is a large spring two miles south, where Gen. St. Clair, in a log cabin, spent his last days. He was, A Major General in the American Revolution. President of the Continental Congress. First Governor of the Northwestern Territory. A pioneer ironmaster in western Pennsylvania. Born 1736 - Died 1818 Buried in Greensburg

Twelve Mile Camp



Unity, PA, 15650

George Washington in 1758 set up a camp a mile north of this point while building Forbes Road. In 1774 Fort Shippen was built at the same site.

Community Histories


Ligonier

Ligonier

In 1758, when British forces launched a major campaign to remove French forces from the forks of the Ohio, now Pittsburgh, this spot on Loyalhanna Creek was the site of their westernmost camp before reaching the Ohio. It was an enormous army, a virtual moving city of 6,000 people, that temporarily made this the most populated spot in Pennsylvania second only to Philadelphia. The fort was named Fort Ligonier after John Ligonier, a British noble of French origin who held the rank of Field Marshal in the British Army. Eventually, the name of the settlement that grew up around the fort was shortened to Ligonier.

In 1817, the Philadelphia-Pittsburgh Turnpike was completed, a gravel road that was the precursor to today's US Route 30. Fort Ligonier was a logical place for travelers to break their journey, and with such commercial opportunities in mind, a local resident named John Ramsay (sometimes spelled Ramsey) laid out the street plan, including the space now known as the Diamond. He initially called the town Ramseytown, later changed to Wellington (after the Duke of Wellington), and finally the name was changed to Ligonier. Several decades of prosperity followed. On April 10, 1834, Ligonier was incorporated as a borough.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ligonier,_Pennsylvania", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0