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American Revolution History by ColonialAmerica.com
American Revolution History by ColonialAmerica.com
Legend: Selected Site Area Merchant Site Historic Site Historic Marker Historic Shipwreck
Marker data courtesy of hmdb.org   Some map icons courtesy of Map Icons Collection



1776 Mayflower : A Story of Courage, Community, and War
The Federalist Papers Bunker Hill: A City, a Siege, a Revolution
Undaunted Courage: Meriwether Lewis Thomas Jefferson and the Opening of the American West John Adams
Benjamin Franklin : An American Life The Bloody & Brave History of Native American Warriors & the Women Who Supported Them
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We the Kids : The Preamble to the Constitution of the United States The New Americans : Colonial Times: 1620-1689 (The American Story)
The Notorious Benedict Arnold: A True Story of Adventure, Heroism & Treachery A History of US: Vol 3, From Colonies to Country (A History of Us)
Let It Begin Here!: Lexington & Concord: First Battles of the American Revolution George Washington, Spymaster: How the Americans Outspied the British and Won the Revolutionary War
They Called Her Molly Pitcher Now &  Ben : The Modern Inventions of Benjamin Franklin


Pirates and Traders: Gold! Hidden Treasures Hidden Object
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Treasure Island, The Experience Robinson Crusoe
The Patriots Hero Tales from American History - AudioBook

Selected Site

Fort William Henry (NY)

Canada Street
Lake George, NY, 12845




Click on heading to visit the website (excludes markers).

Nearby Historic Sites

Fort William Henry Museum



Canada St.
Lake George, NY, 12845

Lake George NY Historical Society



290 Canada Street
Lake George, NY, 12845

Last of the Mohicans Outdoor Drama



Canada St.
Lake George, NY, 12845

Old Fort House Museum



29 Broadway
Fort Edward, NY, 12828

Rogers Island



11 Rogers Island Drive
Fort Edward, NY, 12828

Click on any heading to visit the website.

Nearby Historical Markers

A Common Stone



Lake George, NY, 12845

In memory of common men, this stone, taken from the banks of the Mohawk, was erected as a memorial to those Mohawk Valley men under Wm. Johnson who helped build Fort William Henry in the year 1755.

A gift of the people of the Mohawk Valley
1958


Battle of Lake George



LAKE GEORGE, NY, 12845


Right of Monument:
Defeat would have
opened the road to
Albany to the French

Back of Monument:
1903
The Society of Colonial Wars
erected this monument to commemorate
the victory of the colonial forces
under General William Johnson and
their Mohawk allies under Chief Hendrick
over the French regulars commanded
by Baron Dieskau with their Canadian
and Indian allies

Left of Monument:
Confidence inspired by
this victory was of
inestimable value to the
American Army in the
War of the Revolution

Gate Plaque:
The monument erected by
The Society of Colonial Wars
of the State of New York
. 1903 .
--------------
This fence given by the State
erected under the auspices of
The New York State Historical Association
Custodian of the park
. 1914 .


Blind Rock



Glens Falls North, NY, 12804

Legendary place of Native American rendezvous and ambushes English-French frontier boundary colonial landmark and crossroads.

Bloody Pond



LAKE GEORGE, NY, 12845

Here Sept. 8, 1755 (Battle of Lake George) the colonial forces under Lieut. Col. Cole checked the hitherto successful advance of Baron Dieskau and his allies, changing the English rout into ultimate victory. Here likewise on the evening of the same day - Capt. Mc Ginnis assisted by Capt. Folsom with 200 New York and New Hampshire men, fell upon 300 Canadians and Indians encamped near the pond for the night. After a desperate struggle the French force was almost annihilated. Over 200 bodies rolled into the pool, stained its waters red, and gave it its name. In the conflict Rogers the famous ranger made his debut as a soldier.

Near this spot Oct. 11, 1780, Major Christopher Carleton and his band of regulars, Tories, and Indians, defeated with great loss Captain John Sill, and an American detachment from Fort George, forcing the surrender of that station.

Five Mile Run



Glens Falls North, NY, 12804

In French and Indian War this run was avoided because of fear of attack by hidden Indians. Name changed to Meadow Run 1808.

Fort Anne



Fort Ann, NY, 12827


Here stood five forts
1680 - 1777
on route between Lake
Champlain & Hudson River.


Fort Edward



Fort Edward, NY, 12828


Great Carrying Place
Fort Nicholson 1709
Fort Lydius 1731
Fort Lyman 1755


Fort George



LAKE GEORGE, NY, 12845


In the State Park to the left
are the ruins of old Fort George.
About here in 1755 the French
under Baron Dieskau were defeated
by the British Colonials under
Sir William Johnson.


Gen. Henry Knox Trail



Bolton, NY, 12814


Through this place passed
Gen. Henry Knox
in the winter of 1775-1776
to deliver to
Gen. George Washington
at Cambridge
the train of artillery
from Fort Ticonderoga
used to force the British
Army to evacuate Boston

Erected by
The State of New York
during the sesquicentennial
of the American Revolution


Gen. Henry Knox Trail



Hudson Falls, NY, 12839


Through this place passed
Gen. Henry Knox
in the winter of 1775-1776
to deliver to
Gen. George Washington
at Cambridge
the train of artillery
from Fort Ticonderoga
used to force the British
Army to evacuate Boston

Erected by
The State of New York
during the sesquicentennial
of the American Revolution


Gen. Henry Knox Trail



Lake George, NY, 12845

Through this place passed
Gen. Henry Knox
in the winter of 1775-1776
to deliver to
Gen. George Washington
at Cambridge
the train of artillery
from Fort Ticonderoga
used to force the British
Army to evacuate Boston

Erected by
The State of New York
during the sesquicentennial
of the American Revolution


Gen. Henry Knox Trail



LAKE GEORGE, NY, 12845


Through this place passed
Gen. Henry Knox
in the winter of 1775-1776
to deliver to
Gen. George Washington
at Cambridge
the train of artillery
from Fort Ticonderoga
used to force the British
Army to evacuate Boston

Erected by
The State of New York
during the sesquicentennial
of the American Revolution


Gen. Washington



Fort Edward, NY, 12828


In the summer of 1783,
General George Washington
was a guest here at Sherwood’s
House or Tavern, while on a
tour of area battlefields.


Gen. Washington



Hudson Falls, NY, 12839


In the summer of 1783.
General George Washington
was in the township of
Kingsbury, while on a tour
of northern battlefields.


Half Way Brook



Glens Falls North, NY, 12804

Midway between Fort Edward and Fort George. On this site about 1755 stood a blockhouse enclosed by a stockade.

Half Way Brook



Glens Falls North, NY, 12804

So called because midway between Forts Edward and William Henry. From 1755 to 1780 it was the scene of many bloody skirmishes, surprises, and ambushes. Here the French and Indians inflicted two horrible massacres upon the English and Colonials, one in the summer of 1756 and the other in July 1758.

Fort Amherst

A noted military post, was midway between this marker and the brickyard. Its site was known locally as 'The Garrison Grounds'. The location was used as a fortified camp in 1757-58. The fort was erected in 1759. It was occupied by the forces of Baron Riedesel in the Burgoyne campaign of 1777. It was burned in 1780 in the Carleton Raid at the time of the 'Northern Invasion'.

The Seven Mile Post

Was a blockhouse with stockaded inclosure which occupied the rise of ground north of the brook and west of the road near the residence of W. H. Parker from 1755 to Revolutionary times. During that period it was one of the most important military halting places in North America.

Headquarters



Hudson Falls, NY, 12839

Lt. Gen. John Burgoyne used this house as British army headquarters, July 1777, before his surrender at Saratoga, Oct. 17, 1777.

Jane McCrea



Fort Edward, NY, 12828


Killed on 27 July 1777, a
short distance to the south
of this spot. Her death
helped to defeat General
Burgoyne at Saratoga.


Jane McCrea



Fort Edward, NY, 12828


Original burial place of
Jane McCrea
July 28, 1777


Lake George



Lake George, NY, 12845

The natural route by water and portage between the St. Lawrence River and the Hudson River traversed Lake George. Christened Lac du Saint Sacrement in 1646 by the Jesuit missionary, Isaac Jogues, it was renamed in 1755 by Sir William Johnson to honor King George II.

Above the outlet of Lake George, over-looking Lake Champlain, the French in 1755 built Fort Carillon (Ticonderoga), which became a military objective during the colonial conflicts between the English and the French. Fort William Henry, built at the southern end of Lake George to check the French, was destroyed by French and Indians in 1757. In 1758 General James Abercromby led a large force northward to attack the French at Ticonderoga and was repulsed, but General Jeffery Amherst was successful the following year. With the outbreak of the American Revolution, Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold took Fort Ticonderoga. Abandoned in 1777 to General John Burgoyne's invading army, it remained in British hands until 1782.

From earliest times, the singular beauty of this forest-bound lake has charmed visitors. Sportsmen, artists, and nature-lovers have been drawn to its shores. Boating and fishing have made it a popular recreation area. State-owned campsites and beaches today preserve some of its pristine charm.

Memorial to Four Unknown Soldiers



LAKE GEORGE, NY, 12845


A Memorial to Four Unknown Soldiers
---------------
who fell September 8, 1755 on the Bloody Morning Scout led by Col. Ephraim Williams and King Hendrick against the French and Indians under Baron Dieskau.
The remains were disinterred in building a state highway in 1931 and reburied under this monument.

Erected by State Education and Conservation Departments
and New York State Historical Association
1935


Memorial to Jane McCrea



Fort Edward, NY, 12828


Memorial
to
Jane McCrea
massacred near this spot
by the Indians
July 27, 1777.

Erected by the
Jane McCrea Chapter, D.A.R.
1901


Military Dock



LAKE GEORGE, NY, 12845


During the French and Indian
War, British and Provincial
troops used a dock near
here for loading soldiers,
artillery, and supplies.


Military Road



Lake George, NY, 12845

Military Road built between Fort Edward and Lake George built by Sir William Johnson during the summer of 1755

Northeast Bastion



Fort Edward, NY, 12828


Near here was
Northeast Bastion
part of outworks
Fort Edward
1755


Northeast Bastion



Lake George, NY, 12845

This was the flagstaff bastion. During the early days of the bombardment, a French projectile severed a pulley on one of the poles, causing the English flag to fall. One of the carpenters rushed to repair the damage, but as he climbed the pole, had his 'head shot off with a ball.'

Northwest Bastion



Lake George, NY, 12845

This bastion suffered the heaviest damage from Montcalm’s artillery. Here a howitzer shell landed on an ammunition box killing or wounding 16, including a 'provincial Officer who was never heard of but part of his coat was found.' Each night the army advanced until they were firing from a distance of 150 yards in the general area of the Fort William Henry Hotel complex.

Old Fort Edward



Fort Edward, NY, 12828


This boulder
marks the site of
Old Fort Edward
1755 - 1780

Erected by the
Jane McCrea Chapter
Daughters of
the American Revolution
1914


Old Fort House Museum



Fort Edward, NY, 12828


This 1772 residence hosted
Generals Schuyler, Washington,
and Arnold. It also served
as a courthouse and a tavern.
Revolutionary War Heritage Trail


Old Military Road



Fort Edward, NY, 12828

Below here
Old Military Road
ran diagonally
up this hill
1755 - 1777


Old Moat



Fort Edward, NY, 12828


Remains of
Old Moat
part of outworks
Fort Edward
1755


Old Well



Fort Ann, NY, 12827


Used in Fort site. Built
before the Revolutionary War
by Queen Anne of England.


Radeau Land Tortoise



LAKE GEORGE, NY, 12845

has been designated a
National Historic Landmark

This vessel possesses national significance
in commemorating the history of
the United States of America.

Built by British and provincial forces in 1758, the seven-gun, 26-oar French and Indian War gunboat was sunk two miles north of this point to prevent enemy capture. The only surviving example of her class, she remains at a depth of 107 feet.
1998
National Park Service
United States Department of the Interior


Radeau Warship



Lake George, NY, 12845

Land Tortoise, built by Colonial and British troops, near this site in 1758. Lies 2 miles north in 107 feet of water.

Rogers Island



Fort Edward, NY, 12828

Bivouac Area
Major Robert Rogers and his
ten Ranger Companies during
the French and Indian Wars
1755 - 1759

Site of
Fort Nicholson           1709
Fort Lydius                 1731
Fort Lyman                 1755
Fort Edward               1757

General Headquarters
North American - British
Expeditionary Forces
1755 - 1759

This plaque presented by
Rogers Island
Historical Association
July 12, 1964


Royal Sussex Regiment Memorial



Lake George, NY, 12845

This plaque commemorates the memory of those officers, N.C.O.s and men of the 35th Regiment of Foot (now the Royal Sussex Regiment), their wives and families who lost their lives during the defence of Fort William Henry, and the subsequent massacre by hostile red Indians after the surrender and evacuation of the Fort in 1757.

The Royal Sussex Regimental Association, Roussillon Barracks, Chichester, Sussex


Sixteen Soldiers



Hudson Falls, NY, 12839

This monument is erected to commemorate the sacrifice of the lives of Sixteen Soldiers who were massacred July, 1758, by a band of hostile Indians in the park which was then only a path in the wilderness.
The sixteen soldiers, with a teamster, a certain John Quackendoss of Albany, N.Y. who through the intervention of an Indian Squaw escaped the cruel death, were securely bound and seated on the trunk of a fallen tree. In this helpless condition they were put to death by one of the Indians armed with a tomahawk.

Erected under the Withan Administration
G.S. Withan, Sr. President
John J. Kingsley
Augustus Carpenter
William M. Hill
Frank C. Chapman
Trustees
Dedicated by Capt. Hiram Hyde
Dedicated 1921


Smyth House



Fort Edward, NY, 12828


Erected by Patrick Smyth about 1767
of timber taken from Fort Edward.

The first tavern and scene of the
first court in Charlotte County.

Headquarters of Schuyler - Arnold -
Burgoyne - Stark - 1777.

Oldest house in Washington County

Erected by the state of New York 1928


Southeast Bastion



Lake George, NY, 12845

The original entrance to the fort was under this bastion. A road led to it from the vicinity of the old Railroad Station and Steamboat dock. About a quarter mile away, the rising hill of tall pines marks the site of the Battle of Lake George. This later became the site of the entrenched camp.

Southwest Bastion



Lake George, NY, 12845

You are looking at the general area of the cemetery which encompassed most of the parking area and extended across Canada Street. Many soldiers died from wounds inflicted during battle, but most deaths were related to infection and disease. In 1842, 'the marks of a thousand graves could be seen among the trees. Most had been opened, the bones and skulls dug up in great numbers.'

Sunken Fleet



Lake George, NY, 12845

Fall 1758 British/Americans sank Radeau Land Tortoise, Sloop Halifax, 260 bateaux to avoid plunder by French raiding parties

The Grave of Duncan Campbell & Jane McCrea



Fort Edward, NY, 12828


The Grave of
Duncan Campbell
& Jane McCrea
are just within and
to the left
of this gateway.


The Hospital



LAKE GEORGE, NY, 12845


At Battle of Lake George
many wounded soldiers and
some with smallpox were
cruelly murdered by Indians
of Montcalm’s Army.


The Island



Fort Edward, NY, 12828

Barracks     Hospital

Brick - kiln

1755


Wiawaka Bateaux



Lake George, NY, 12845

7 French and Indian War bateaux sunk here in 1758. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1992.

Community Histories


Fort Ann
Fort Edward
Hudson Falls
Lake George
Queensbury

Fort Ann

Fort Ann is located on the historic route linking the French and English colonies.

The area was the site of several forts built by various nations, from a small French fort called "The Pickets" near the south end of Lake Champlain in 1689, in the northwest area of the town, to a series of forts (including "Fort Schuyler" and "Queen's Fort') closer to where the village of Fort Ann stands today. The first of these was likely the Stone Fort, built by Englishman Fitz John Winthrop in 1692. The English expedition led by Francis Nicholson built Fort Schuyler, about a half-mile south of the present village, in 1709. (The old Champlain Canal passed through a part of the site.) Nicholson burned the fort when he and his army left, but he returned in 1711 and built the Queen's Fort, later renamed Fort Anne, at the same site. It fell into ruins during the English colonial period.

Fort Anne was rebuilt in 1757 by the English, during the French and Indian War. The fort was named Fort Anne (in honor of Princess Anne, eldest daughter of King George II). The 1777 Battle of Fort Anne occurred here during the Saratoga Campaign. The town was organized as Westfield in 1784, but was renamed Fort Ann – without the "e" – in 1808.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Ann_(town),_New_York", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


Fort Edward

Fort Edward or "The Fort" has been strategically important during its long and illustrious history, for it commands the Hudson River and Champlain River valleys. The Indians called the area around Fort Edward Wahcoloosencoochaleva, which means "The Great Carrying Place." At this point, the Hudson River is no longer navigable to the north. Travelers have to make a portage to get to Lake George. This unique location on the "Great War Path" meant that the area was destined to be settled and fortified early.

As early as 1709 during Queen Anne's War, a stockade (Fort Nicholson) was erected in the area due to its strategic importance - only to be abandoned and then constructed again as Fort Lydus, the trading post of John Lydus. In 1731, the fortification was reconstructed as Fort Lyman. Sir William Johnson renamed it Fort Edward during the French and Indian War in 1755. Also at this time, a large military complex was constructed on nearby Roger's Island. Today this site is listed on the National Register of Historic Places (NHRP). Another smaller fort was constructed on the opposite shore of the Hudson River.

During the American Revolution, the area was taken by British forces under John Burgoyne in 1777.

The completion of the Champlain Canal in 1823 linked the area to the north and south and replaced a smaller canal that by-passed local rapids.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Edward_(town),_New_York", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


Hudson Falls

In 1764, Albert Baker built Kingsbury's first sawmill near what is known today as Baker's Falls. As early as 1792, the area of Kingsbury near Baker's Falls was referred to as Sandy Hill. In 1810, the hamlet incorporated as a village, keeping the name Sandy Hill

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hudson_Falls", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


Lake George

The lake was discovered by Father Isaac Jogues in August 1642. He was later captured by Mohawks, escaped, and returned home to France. In 1646, he was sent on a political mission to the Iroquois to propose a treaty of peace, and at that point named the lake "Lac du Saint Sacrement" (The Lake of the Holy Sacrament).

In 1755, the lake was renamed "Lake George" by General Johnson in honor of King George II.

Lake George was also the site of Fort William Henry, named in honor of Prince William Henry, grandson of King George II, by General Johnson. The fort, its surrender to Marquis de Montcalm after a six-day siege by the French and Indians, and the following massacre all in 1757 were used by James Fenimore Cooper as the background for his famous novel The Last of the Mohicans. The fort was reconstructed and opened to the public as a museum in 1953.

The town was established in 1810 as the "Town of Caldwell" from parts of the towns of Bolton, Queensbury, and Thurman.

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lake_George_(town),_New_York", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0


Queensbury

Major efforts at settlement began with the Queensbury Patent in 1762, which enticed Quaker settlers to move into the area known as the "Township of Queensbury" the next year. The Quakers left during the Revolutionary War and returned in 1783 when hostilities ended in the area.

In 1786, the town was re-established as the town of Queensbury. In 1788, the town included all of what is today Warren County. It lost territory in 1792 when the town of Fairfield (Lake Luzerne) was formed and again in 1810 to form part of the town of Caldwell (Lake George).

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Queensbury,_New_York", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0